日韩电子音乐联盟

尺八的艺术,尺八大师三桥贵风名曲十四首

箫园2018-10-01 09:59:20

Kifu Mitsuhashi The Art of the Shakuhachi Vol 1

来源:QQ音乐

 

This recording is the first in a series documenting the art of the shakuhachi, performed by one of Japan's foremost performers, Kifu Mitsuhashi. The shakuhachi is a bamboo end-blown flute with four finger holes in the front and one in the back. Although it is a very unpretentious instrument, a skilled player can produce an astounding number of pitches and a nearly infinite variety of timbres and shadings.
  
The sounds heard in the most traditional shakuhachi music (honkyoku, literally `basic' or `original') are usually not so much melodies in the Western sense of the word as they are a carefully composed series of short motives, phrases, and pitch cells played in a highly flexible rhythm and sometimes separated by long rests. Many varieties of grace notes, portamenti, pitch blending, explosive bursts of air, flutter tonguing, finger tremolos, vibrato and much else charge each pitch or phrase with great intensity and musical meaning. Although the pieces recorded on this CD are all of solo shakuhachi music, the instrument is also frequently featured in ensembles.
  
The oldest known ancestor of the shakuhachi is the gagaku (court music) shakuhachi imported to Japan from China or Korea. These somewhat slender instruments, made either from bamboo or from jade, stone, or ivory, are in three sections. They have six finger holes and we apparently used in court ensemble music. The exact nature of the music played on these instruments remains unclear; after the 10th century the shakuhachi was rarely used in the gagaku ensemble.
  
Early types of shakuhachi-like flutes had commonly been played by mendicant priests and monks. Somewhat later, the shakuhachi also became a favorite instrument of the beggar-monks known as komuso. They thought of themselves not as mere musicians or entertainers; instead they regarded their activity as a form of the Zen practice, suizen (`blowing meditation'). The pieces that they played, the honkyoku, were designed to allow them to achieve Buddhist enlightenment.
  
Among the most important komuso musicians was Kinko Kurosawa (1710-1771). Born into a Kyushu samurai family, he joined the Fuke sect, and in Edo, taught shakuhachi and collected, edited, and notated some thirty Fuke pieces. In addition, he or his son added the important `three traditional pieces' that even today form the core of the standard Fuke shakuhachi repertory. He also continued to make improvements to the instrument turning it into the modern shakuhachi. His school or style of shakuhachi (the `Kinko School') eventually became one of the two major schools of shakuhachi playing in Japan today (the other is the later Tozan school, founded by Tozan Nakao, 1876-1956).
  
Booklet annotation is provided by Associate Professor Gerald Groemer of Yamanashi University, Kofu, Japan. 




Kifu Mitsuhashi The Art of the Shakuhachi Vol 2


来源:QQ音乐


This recording is the second in Celestial Harmonies' series The Art of the Shakuhachi, documenting the art of the shakuhachi, performed by one of Japan's foremost performers, Kifu Mitsuhashi. The shakuhachi is a bamboo end-blown flute with four finger holes in the front and one in the back. Although it is a very unpretentious instrument, a skilled player can produce an astounding number of pitches and a nearly infinite variety of timbres and shadings.
  
The sounds heard in the most traditional shakuhachi music (honkyoku, literally `basic' or `original') are usually not so much melodies in the Western sense of the word as they are a carefully composed series of short motives, phrases, and pitch cells played in a highly flexible rhythm and sometimes separated by long rests. Many varieties of grace notes, portamenti, pitch blending, explosive bursts of air, flutter tonguing, finger tremolos, vibrato and much else charge each pitch or phrase with great intensity and musical meaning. Although the pieces recorded on this CD are all of solo shakuhachi music, the instrument is also frequently featured in ensembles.
  
The oldest known ancestor of the shakuhachi is the gagaku (court music) shakuhachi imported to Japan from China or Korea. These somewhat slender instruments, made either from bamboo or from jade, stone, or ivory, are in three sections. They have six finger holes and were apparently used in court ensemble music. The exact nature of the music played on these instruments remains unclear; after the 10th century the shakuhachi was rarely used in the gagaku ensemble.
  
Several major "schools" or styles of traditional shakuhachi playing exist in Japan, each maintaining its own repertory, much of which, however, is shared with other "schools" as well. One of the largest and best known schools, of which Kifu Mitsuhashi is an exponent, was founded in Edo (today Tokyo) by Kinko Kurosawa (1710-1771).
  
Music for the shakuhachi performed by Kinko-school players today centers on the "basic pieces" (honkyoku) which often trace their roots to the music of the shakuhachi-playing Zen monks of the Edo or Tokugawa period (1603-1868).
  
Today, the shakuhachiis perhaps the most international of all Japanese instruments. Its repertory includes folk song, jazz, and contemporary art music of many styles. The pieces included on this CD, however, are all anchored in the traditional shakuhachi music of the Edo period. It includes Ajikan, one of the most famous in the entire shakuhachi repertory which is played by nearly everyone who performs traditional honkyoku. The title refers to an important meditative practice of Shingon-sect esoteric Buddhism.
  
Booklet annotation and translation is provided by Associate Professor Gerald Groemer of Yamanashi University, Kofu, Japan, based in part on material provided by Kayu Kanda. 


日本著名尺八演奏家,琴古流大师范,琴古流尺八贵风会会主。1950年出生于日本东京市,18岁起师从尺八大师佐佐木操风(现名晴风)学习琴古流尺八,后又跟随冈本竹外先生精研普化宗尺八吹奏技法,其吹奏风格集各家所长,清新亮丽、疏朗铿锵,极富表现力。为表彰其对于传承、推广尺八音乐所做出的贡献,日本政府于2011年授予三桥贵风先生紫绶褒章荣誉。 

1950年 3月10日东京市出生。
1968年 师从尺八琴古流大师佐佐木操风(现名晴风)。
1972年 第17期NHK邦乐技能育成会毕业。成为日本音乐集团成员并开始参与海外的公演活动。
1974年 师从尺八普化宗明暗苍龙会大师冈本竹外。
1976年 获得祝日流行音乐主办的第一回现代音乐演奏会独奏部分第一名。
1980年 作为日本音乐集团成员,获得音乐之友公司所设的人头马奖。同年,“三桥貴風・第一回尺八演奏会”获昭和55年度文化厅艺术祭优秀奖。
1981年 大阪文化节获“乐音乐会”第六名。
1984年 参加澳大利亚主办的“日本周“活动,于布里斯班举行独奏演出。
1987年 于美国纽约举办独奏音乐会,获《时代周刊》好评。昭和62年度文化厅优秀舞台艺术公演。
1988年 应韩国KBS邀请举办独奏音乐会。
1989年 获得平成元年年度文化厅艺术节奖。
1990年 作为日本音乐集团成员,获得Mobile音乐节奖。
1991年 4月,为纪念卡内基诞辰100周年,与音乐家若杉宏所带领的东京交响乐团同赴北美公开演出,之后于南美巡回演出。
1992年 第10回中岛健音乐奖,索尼·唱片发售的CD诸井诚作曲的“竹林奇谭”获文化厅艺术作品奖、横滨文化奖。
1993年 为纪念日本葡萄牙友好450周年,与里斯本Gulbenkian管弦乐队联袂公演。参与印度民族巡回演唱会。
1994年 与音乐家大野和士带领的东京爱乐乐团同赴欧洲,在各地公演中广受好评。
1995年 东欧三国(波兰、捷克、匈牙利)演奏旅行。在卢森堡参加EU的日本Fest。参与曼谷国际交流基金事务所主办的独奏会。
1996年 在第8回”飞弹古川音乐大奖”中获奖
1997年 与大野和士指挥卡尔斯鲁厄乐团及松尾祐孝共同合作。于德国的卡尔斯鲁厄独奏公演。于北欧公演。
1998年 参与长野奥林匹克日本音乐集团纪念公演。香港现代音乐活动中独奏。
1999年 于意大利都灵市歌剧院独奏演出。“京都的合奏”在巴黎公演。于冲绳列岛及京都定期演出。
2004~2007年 与柏林交响乐团共同演奏武満彻作曲的《November steps》。参与在日本及国外的演出活动及专辑制作。
2008~2009年 参与若杉弘指挥的歌剧《黑船》。在卡内基音乐厅公演一柳慧制作的《千年之響》。在悉尼尺八大会中演出。应捷克的欧洲尺八周公演。应韩国公演。台湾公开演出。
2010年 应日本文化厅邀请前往巴西及韩国。获得文化部科学大臣颁奖平成21年年度文化厅艺术奖。上海世博会公开演出。获得平成22年年度横滨文化节奖。
2011年 开启捷克公演之旅。印度尼西亚独奏演出。平成23年紫绶表扬表彰。
2012年 参加日本皇室的皇居歌会。美国华盛顿州公演。
2013年 于伦敦与大野和士指挥的BBC交响乐团公演武満彻作曲的《November steps》。于东京举办《三桥贵风 尺八本曲 空间曼陀罗》演出活动。
2014年 连续三日与大野和士指挥的巴塞罗那交响乐团演奏武満彻作曲的《November steps》。与法国国立里昂管弦乐团演奏武満彻作曲的《November steps》,于里昂、摩洛哥、日内瓦连续公演。
2015年 分别于上海、北京主持成立分部道场,正式开启了贵风会在中国大陆的教学活动。